X3 Bonus points added value
Schools can earn positive or negative bonus points if the efficiency of
upper secondary school is above or below the level that one would
expect based on the initial quality of the students. The initial
quality is calculated on the basis of the average recommendations of
the primary school of the pupils, the percentage of students that
entered the school in
later years, the percentage of LWOO students (only for VMBO schools),
the percentage of students from poor neighborhoods, and
the social economic background of the students. If the actual
efficiency of upper secondary schools lies
above the expected level based on the initial quality, the school has a
positive added value. While a negative value is obtained, if the actual
efficiency of upper secondary schools is lower than can be expected on
the basis of the primary school teacher recommendations.
Schools with the 10% most positive added value get one bonus point,
schools with the 20% most positive value get 0.5 bonus point. Schools
with the 10% most negative added value get one negative bonus point;
schools with the 20% most negative value get -0.5 bonus point.
X3.1 Efficiency of upper secondary school
The efficiency of upper secondary schools is a combination of the
percentage of students in upper secondary school that graduate in the
nominal duration, the success rate for the final exam (X2.3), the
average grade for the school exams (X3.3) and the average grade for the
final examination (X3.4 ) (click here
for further explanations).
X3.2 Average recommendations third class
At the end of primary school all pupils get an advice on what level of
education (VMBOb/k/gt, HAVO, VWO) suits them best. The average primary
school recommendation of the students in the third class is used to
identify the initial quality of the students and thus to calculate the
added value of the school.
X3.3 Percentage of students that entered the school in later
This percentage is copied from the data of the Education Inspectorate.
X3.4 percentage of LWOO students
LWOO means 'Leerwegondersteunend
onderwijs' or education with learning support. These LWOO students are
pre-vocational students who have enough capacity to
to get a diploma, but need extra help. This percentage is
taken directly from the inspection data. These percentages
are known only for the VMBO (lower secondary vocational) schools.
X3.5 percentage of students from poor neighborhoods
This percentage is copied from the data of the Education Inspectorate.
X3.6 Social economic background of the students
For each BRIN number (school number) and
or each school location is, on the site of the DUO, the four digit
postal code of all
students from that location available. We have combined this postal
code with the best available indicator of the social economic indicator
that neighborhood: the so-called 'Leefbaarometer'. This indicator gives
for each four-digit postal code a score on a large number of
dimensions. From those dimension, we
have chosen the population composition dimension
2012), because it uses both education and income data. The
rating on this dimension is the sum of (all by postal code) the
proportion of unemployed but looking for a job, the number of
households with at most 2 times average earnings, the percentage with
households with minimum earnings, the share of more than 2 times
average income, the proportion of non-Western
immigrants, the proportion of highly educated. This
dimension varies from -50 ( lowest score ) to +50 ( highest score ).
average score of all students in the school (not just the
graduation candidates) on this indicator is the socioeconomic
composition of the student population.
X3.7 Average SE grade
For each course, the average grade for all candidates on the school
exams during upper secondary schools.
X3.8 Average CE grade
For each course, the average grade of all candidates on the final exams.
X4 Bonus points SE grades
Schools with many courses with a too big difference between SE and CE
grades (See: X4.1 Number of courses with too high SE grades) get
negative points. An SE-CE difference according to the Education
Inspectorate is too large when this is greater than 0.5.
The 10% of schools with the most courses with a too big SE-CE
difference get one negative bonus point, the 20% of schools with the
most courses with a too big SE-CE difference get half a negative bonus
point. Schools with few courses with a large SE-CE difference get
positive points: the 10% of schools with the fewest courses 1, 20% of
schools with the fewest courses 0.5.
X4.1 Number of courses with a too high difference between CE
and SE grades
For each school, the number of courses with a SE-CE difference greater
than 0.5 are counted. The inspection rule is that the difference in
SE-CE grades per course on average may not be greater than 0.5.
The basic grade of the school is a grade based on the average number of
passed (core) subjects. A school has passed a course if the graduated
candidates for the national written exam (ie the final exam) have
obtained on average a six-minus (5.899). The rule to give, based on the
average grades per course, a rating for each school is the same as that
for the student taking the final exam: If more than one core course is
made insufficiently, the school (like the student) has failed. With
more than 2 non-core courses made insufficiently, the school (like the
pupil) has also failed. The exact distribution of the Rating passed
courses (grades between 1 and 10) is determined on the basis of the
exact number of failed (core) courses (click here
Because the average grade of the successful candidates is not known, we
use the final exam success rate and the average grade of all candidates
to make an estimate of the average grade of the successful candidates
(for further explanation here).
X2.1 Number of failed subjects
The number of courses for which the successful candidates for the final
exam have on average scored insufficiently.
X2.2 Number of failed core subjects
The number of core courses (consisting of Dutch, English, Mathematics
for HAVO and VWO, Dutch and Mathematics for VMBO) for which the
successful candidates for the final exam have on average scored
X2.3 Success rate final exams
The success rate of the students who took part in the final exam. This
is used, together with the estimated average grades per course of all
participants (successful and failed students), to make an estimate of
the average grade per course of the graduated participants.
X1. School exam rating
The school exam grade consists of a figure
based on the average number of failed (core) courses at a school (See:
X2 Rating passed subjects). This figure is respectively increased or
decreased depending on whether the efficiency of upper secondary school
is above or below the level that one would expect based on the initial
quality of the students (See: X3 Bonus points added value) and
depending on whether the school had many or few courses with on average
a too large difference between the grades of the final exam and the
school exam (See: X4 Bonus points SE digits).
All figures used are from the Education
Inspectorate. Below we briefly explain which operations we have carried
out with the inspection numbers.